Friday, April 25, 2014

HIV Facts: National Trends

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As many as one third of those infected with HIV do not know they are positive.

CDC estimates more than 500,000 Americans with AIDS already have died; currently 1 million are living with HIV.

In the US, there are 40,000 new HIV cases a year.

Half of all new HIV infections are among those under the age of 25.

Although African Americans and Latinos represent 13% and 14% of US population, respectively, in 2003 they account for 49% and 20% of new AIDS cases.

African American women account for 67% of new AIDS cases among women in 2003-Latinas account for 16%.

In 2003, the rate of HIV infection for non-Hispanic blacks was 8x that for non-Hispanic whites.

The rate of infection for Hispanics was almost 3x greater than whites.

The highest rate of HIV infection in 2003 was among black non-Hispanic males, at 104.3 per 100,000. This was almost seven times that for white non-Hispanic males (15.7/100,000).

The largest disparity observed was for black non-Hispanic females with a rate of HIV infection (51.9 per 100,000) that was 14 times higher than that for white non-Hispanic females (3.6 per 100,000).

Adults aged 30 to 39 years and 40 to 49 accounted for the greatest proportion of new HIV reports in 2003 (almost 32% each).

In 2003 HIV disease reports for adult/adolescent females, heterosexual contact accounted for about 83 percent of reports and injecting drug use accounted for about 11 percent.

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